麻醉学

主编


Roberta Hines, MD

  • Editor-in-Chief — Anesthesiology
  • Section Editor — Anesthesia with Comorbid Cardiovascular/Pulmonary Conditions
  • Professor and Chair, Department of Anesthesiology
  • Yale School of Medicine

Stephanie B Jones, MD

  • Editor-in-Chief — Anesthesiology
  • Section Editor — Anesthesia with Comorbid Non-Cardiopulmonary Conditions
  • Associate Professor of Anesthesia
  • Harvard Medical School

Lena S Sun, MD

  • Editor-in-Chief — Anesthesiology
  • Section Editor — Pediatric/Neonatal Anesthesia
  • Professor of Anesthesiology and Pediatrics
  • Columbia University Medical Center

责任编辑


Marianna Crowley, MD

  • Deputy Editor — Anesthesiology
  • Assistant Professor of Anesthesiology
  • Harvard Medical School

Nancy A Nussmeier, MD, FAHA

  • Deputy Editor — Anesthesiology
  • Department of Anesthesia, Critical Care, and Pain Medicine
  • Massachusetts General Hospital

副主编


Michael Avidan, MD

  • Section Editor — Surgical Critical Care
  • Professor of Anesthesiology and Surgery
  • Washington University School of Medicine

Andrew Davidson, MD

  • Section Editor — Pediatric/Neonatal Anesthesia
  • Associate Professor, Department of Pediatrics
  • The University of Melbourne

Gilbert Fanciullo, MD

  • Section Editor — Acute and Chronic Pain
  • Professor of Anesthesiology
  • Geisel School of Medicine, Dartmouth

Carin A Hagberg, MD

  • Section Editor — Airway Management
  • Joseph C Gabel Professor and Chair, Department of Anesthesiology
  • The University of Texas Medical School at Houston

David L Hepner, MD

  • Section Editor — Obstetric Anesthesia
  • Associate Professor of Anaesthesia
  • Harvard Medical School

Roberta Hines, MD

  • Editor-in-Chief — Anesthesiology
  • Section Editor — Anesthesia with Comorbid Cardiovascular/Pulmonary Conditions
  • Professor and Chair, Department of Anesthesiology
  • Yale School of Medicine

Natalie F Holt, MD, MPH

  • Section Editor — Preoperative and Postoperative Evaluation and Management
  • Assistant Professor of Anesthesiology
  • Yale School of Medicine

Stephanie B Jones, MD

  • Editor-in-Chief — Anesthesiology
  • Section Editor — Anesthesia with Comorbid Non-Cardiopulmonary Conditions
  • Associate Professor of Anesthesia
  • Harvard Medical School

Girish P Joshi, MB, BS, MD, FFARCSI

  • Section Editor — Fundamentals of Anesthesia
  • Professor of Anesthesiology and Pain Management, Director of Perioperative Medicine and Ambulatory Anesthesia
  • University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center at Dallas

Jonathan B Mark, MD

  • Section Editor — Cardiac Anesthesiology
  • Professor of Anesthesiology
  • Duke University Medical Center
  • Chief, Anesthesiology Service
  • Veterans Affairs Medical Center

Jeffrey J Pasternak, MD

  • Section Editor — Neurosurgical Anesthesia
  • Associate Professor of Anesthesiology
  • Mayo Medical School

Peter D Slinger, MD, FRCPC

  • Section Editor — Thoracic/Vascular Anesthesia
  • Professor of Anesthesia
  • Toronto General Hospital

Lena S Sun, MD

  • Editor-in-Chief — Anesthesiology
  • Section Editor — Pediatric/Neonatal Anesthesia
  • Professor of Anesthesiology and Pediatrics
  • Columbia University Medical Center

Joyce A Wahr, MD, FAHA

  • Section Editor — Patient Safety and Offsite Anesthetic Locations
  • Professor of Anesthesiology
  • University of Minnesota Health Sciences

Lisa Warren, MD

  • Section Editor — Regional Anesthesia
  • Assistant Professor of Anesthesia
  • Harvard Medical School

助理编辑


Jane Barr, BA

  • Senior Editorial Assistant — UpToDate

Paul Lindholm

  • Editorial Assistant ─ UpToDate

作者


J Dawn Abbott, MD, FACC

  • Associate Professor of Medicine
  • Brown Medical School

Sonya S Abdel-Razeq, MD

  • Assistant Professor
  • Department of Obstetrics, Gynecology and Reproductive Sciences, Division of Maternal-Fetal Medicine
  • Department of Surgery, Division of Surgical Critical Care
  • Yale University

Salahadin Abdi, MD, PhD

  • Professor and Chair, Department of Pain Medicine
  • Helen Buchanan & Stanley Joseph Seeger Endowed Research Professor
  • The University of Texas, MD Anderson Cancer Center

Gary M Abrams, MD

  • Professor of Neurology
  • University of California, San Francisco

Ebtesam Ahmed, PharmD, MS

  • Associate Clinical Professor
  • St. John's University College of Pharmacy
  • Clinical Pharmacy Specialist Innovative Institute for Palliative Care

Shamsuddin Akhtar, MD

  • Associate Professor
  • Yale School of Medicine

Sepideh Amin-Hanjani, MD

  • Professor
  • University of Illinois at Chicago

Kanwaljeet JS Anand, MBBS, DPhil, FAAP, FCCM, FRCPCH

  • Professor of Pediatrics, Anesthesiology, Perioperative and Pain Medicine
  • Division Chief, Pediatric Critical Care Medicine
  • Department of Pediatrics
  • Stanford University School of Medicine

Cande V Ananth, PhD, MPH

  • Professor of Reproductive Sciences
  • Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology
  • College of Physicians and Surgeons
  • Columbia University

Katherine W Arendt, MD

  • Associate Professor of Anesthesiology
  • Mayo Clinic

Carlos Artime, MD

  • Associate Professor of Anesthesiology
  • The University of Texas Medical School at Houston

John Augoustides, MD, FASE, FAHA

  • Associate Professor of Anesthesiology and Critical Care
  • University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine

Phyllis August, MD, MPH

  • Ralph A Baer, MD Professor of Research in Medicine
  • Director, Hypertension Center
  • Division of Nephrology & Hypertension
  • Weill Cornell Medical College

Michael Avidan, MD

  • Section Editor — Surgical Critical Care
  • Professor of Anesthesiology and Surgery
  • Washington University School of Medicine

John S Axford, DSc, MD, FRCP, FRCPCH

  • Section Editor — Scleroderma
  • Emeritus Professor of Rheumatology
  • St George's University of London

Zahid H Bajwa, MD

  • Lecturer
  • Tufts University Medical School

Marie R Baldisseri, MD, FCCM

  • Professor of Critical Care Medicine
  • University of Pittsburgh Medical Center

Atilio Barbeito, MD, MPH

  • Assistant Professor of Anesthesiology
  • Duke University Medical Center

Sheila Barnett, MD

  • Associate Professor of Anesthesia
  • Harvard Medical School

Kenneth A Bauer, MD

  • Professor of Medicine
  • Harvard Medical School

Joseph Bayes, MD

  • Assistant Professor of Anesthesia
  • Harvard Medical School

William Becker, MD

  • Assistant Professor of Medicine
  • Yale University School of Medicine

Rodney D Bell, MD

  • Professor of Neurology
  • Jefferson Medical College

Cassandra Bellamy, PharmD, BCPS

  • Clinical Pharmacy Specialist, Medical Intensive Care Unit
  • Hospital of the University of Pennsylvania

Lauren Berkow, MD

  • Associate Professor of Anesthesiology
  • University of Florida College of Medicine

Bonnie L Bermas, MD

  • Associate Professor of Medicine
  • Harvard Medical School

Mark F Berry, MD

  • Associate Professor
  • Department of Cardiothoracic Surgery
  • Stanford University

Angela Bianco, MD

  • Associate Professor
  • Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology
  • Division of Maternal Fetal Medicine
  • Mount Sinai Medical Center

Shawn J Bird, MD

  • Professor of Neurology
  • University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine

Edward A Bittner, MD, PhD, FCCP, FCCM

  • Assistant Professor of Anaesthesia
  • Harvard Medical School

Randal S Blank, MD, PhD

  • Associate Professor of Anesthesiology
  • University of Virginia Health System

Linda D Bradley, MD

  • Professor
  • Obstetrics and Gynecology
  • Cleveland Clinic Lerner College of Medicine

David Broussard, MD

  • Staff Anesthesiologist
  • Ochsner Health System

Michael J Brown, MD

  • Associate Professor of Anesthesiology
  • Mayo Clinic

Rachel Budithi, MD

  • Assistant Professor of Anesthesiology
  • Medical College of Wisconsin

Enrico Cagliero, MD

  • Associate Professor of Medicine
  • Harvard Medical School

Jeremy P Campbell, MB, ChB (Hons.), MRCS, FRCA

  • Consultant Anaesthetist, Hammersmith Hospital
  • Imperial College Healthcare NHS Trust

Louis R Caplan, MD

  • Professor of Neurology
  • Harvard Medical School

Gregory D Cascino, MD

  • Professor of Neurology
  • Mayo Clinic, Rochester

Rabih A Chaer, MD

  • Professor of Surgery
  • The University of Pittsburgh School of Medicine

Albert T Cheung, MD

  • Professor of Anesthesia
  • Stanford University School of Medicine

Roger Chou, MD

  • Associate Professor of Medicine
  • Oregon Health & Science University

Lorraine Chow, MD

  • Clinical Assistant Professor
  • University of Calgary

Frances Chung, MBBS, FRCPC

  • Professor, Department of Anesthesiology and Pain Management
  • University Health Network
  • University of Toronto

Peter F Clardy, MD

  • Assistant Professor of Medicine
  • Harvard Medical School

Steven L Cohn, MD, FACP, SFHM

  • Professor of Clinical Medicine
  • University of Miami Miller School of Medicine

Stephen R Collins, MD

  • Assistant Professor of Anesthesiology
  • University of Virginia Health System

Henri G Colt, MD

  • Professor of Medicine
  • University of California Irvine

Michelle V Conde, MD

  • Clinical Professor of Medicine
  • University of Texas Health Science Center
  • San Antonio

Jonathan M Cousins, BSc, MBBS, FRCA, FFICM

  • Consultant Anaesthetist/Intensivist, Hammersmith Hospital
  • Imperial College Healthcare NHS

Charles E Cowles, Jr., MD, MBA

  • Associate Professor, Department of Anesthesiology and Perioperative Medicine
  • University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center-Houston

Marianna Crowley, MD

  • Deputy Editor — Anesthesiology
  • Assistant Professor of Anesthesiology
  • Harvard Medical School

F Gary Cunningham, MD

  • Professor and Holder of Beatrice and Miguel Elias Distinguished Chair in Obstetrics and Gynecology
  • University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center

Donald Cutlip, MD

  • Section Editor — Interventional Cardiology
  • Professor of Medicine
  • Harvard Medical School
  • Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center

Michael R DeBaun, MD, MPH

  • Professor of Pediatrics and Internal Medicine
  • Vanderbilt University School of Medicine

Alexander M DeLeon, MD

  • Assistant Professor in Anesthesiology
  • Northwestern University

Prasad Devarajan, MD

  • Professor of Pediatrics and Developmental Biology
  • University of Cincinnati College of Medicine

PJ Devereaux, MD, PhD

  • Associate Professor of Medicine, Division of Cardiology
  • McMaster University

Lara K Dhingra, PhD

  • Assistant Professor of Neurology and Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences
  • Albert Einstein College of Medicine

Paxton V Dickson, MD

  • Assistant Professor of Surgery
  • University of Tennessee, Memphis

Gary A Dildy, III, MD

  • Professor of Obstetrics and Gynecology
  • Louisiana State University Health Sciences Center

Jeffrey B Dobyns, DO

  • Assistant Professor of Anesthesiology
  • University of Alabama at Birmingham

Sylvia Y Dolinski, MD, FCCP

  • Professor of Anesthesiology and Critical Care
  • Medical College of Wisconsin

James D Douketis, MD, FRCPC, FACP, FCCP

  • Professor, Department of Medicine
  • McMaster University

D John Doyle, MD, PhD

  • Professor of Anesthesiology
  • Cleveland Clinic Lerner College of Medicine of Case Western Reserve University

Kim A Eagle, MD, MACC

  • Albion Walter Hewlett Professor of Internal Medicine
  • University of Michigan

Eman Elkadry, MD, FACOG

  • Clinical Instructor
  • Harvard Medical School

Michael Emmett, MD

  • Editor-in-Chief — Nephrology
  • Section Editor — Fluid and Electrolytes
  • Chief of Internal Medicine
  • Baylor University Medical Center

Kayser Enneking, MD

  • Professor of Anesthesiology and Orthopaedics and Rehabilitation
  • University of Florida College of Medicine

Joseph A Eustace, MB, MHS, MRCPI

  • Consultant Nephrologist
  • Cork University Hospital

Ronald M Fairman, MD

  • Professor of Surgery and Radiology
  • University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine

Scott A Falk, MD

  • Assistant Professor of Clinical Anesthesiology and Critical Care
  • University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine

Michaela K Farber, MD

  • Instructor of Anesthesia
  • Harvard Medical School

Ashraf Fayad, MD, FRCPC, FFARCSI, FACC, FASE

  • Associate Professor of Anesthesiology
  • University of Ottawa

Eva L Feldman, MD, PhD

  • Professor of Neurology
  • University of Michigan Medical Center

Michael G Fitzsimons, MD

  • Assistant Professor
  • Department of Anesthesia, Critical Care, and Pain Medicine
  • Massachusetts General Hospital
  • Assistant Professor of Anesthesia
  • Harvard Medical School

Lee A Fleisher, MD

  • Robert D Dripps Professor and Chair of Anesthesiology and Critical Care
  • University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine

Michael R Foley, MD

  • Professor
  • University of Arizona College of Medicine - Phoenix

Joseph Francis, Jr, MD, MPH

  • Director of Clinical Analysis and Reporting, Office of Informatics and Analytics
  • Department of Veterans Affairs, Washington, DC

Lawrence S Friedman, MD

  • Section Editor — General Gastroenterology
  • Professor of Medicine
  • Harvard Medical School
  • Tufts University School of Medicine

Julie M Fritz, PT, PhD

  • Professor
  • Department of Physical Therapy, University of Utah

Barry Fuchs, MD

  • Associate Professor of Medicine
  • University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine

Edmund F Funai, MD

  • Professor and Chief Operating Officer
  • USF Health

William R Furman, MD

  • Professor of Anesthesiology
  • Geisel School of Medicine, Dartmouth

Marissa C Galicia-Castillo, MD, MSEd, CMD, FACP

  • Sue Faulkner Scribner Professor of Geriatrics
  • Eastern Virginia Medical School
  • Medical Director, Palliative Medicine
  • Norfolk General Hospital

Ivan Garza, MD

  • Assistant Professor of Neurology
  • Mayo Clinic College of Medicine

Edward George, MD, PhD

  • Assistant Professor of Anesthesiology
  • Harvard Medical School

James N George, MD

  • Professor of Medicine
  • University of Oklahoma Health Sciences Center

William A Ghali, MD, MPH

  • Professor
  • Departments of Medicine and Community Health Sciences
  • University of Calgary, Canada

Jonathan Gillen-Goldstein, MD

  • Director of Prenatal Diagnosis and Therapy
  • for Madonna Perinatal Associates
  • Mineola, NY

David B Glick, MD, MBA

  • Professor
  • Medical Director, Post-Anesthesia Care Unit
  • Department of Anesthesia & Critical Care
  • The University of Chicago

Don L Goldenberg, MD

  • Section Editor — Pain Disorders in Rheumatology
  • Emeritus Professor of Medicine, Tufts University School of Medicine
  • Affiliate Assistant, Rheumatology Division, Oregon Health Science University
  • Affiliate Instructor, School of Nursing Oregon Health Sciences University

Thomas A Golper, MD

  • Section Editor — Dialysis
  • Professor of Medicine
  • Vanderbilt University Medical Center

Adam J Gordon, MD, MPH, FACP, FASAM

  • Associate Professor of Medicine, Advisory Dean
  • University of Pittsburgh School of Medicine

Gilbert J Grant, MD

  • Associate Professor of Anesthesiology
  • New York University School of Medicine

Andrew Gray, MD, PhD

  • Professor of Clinical Anesthesia
  • UCSF School of Medicine

Christina L Greene, MD

  • Cardiothoracic Surgery Resident
  • Stanford University

Michael A Gropper, MD, PhD

  • Professor and Chair
  • Department of Anesthesia and Perioperative Care
  • University of California, San Francisco

Anita Gupta, DO, PharmD

  • Vice Chair, Pain Division
  • Associate Professor of Anesthesiology
  • Drexel University College of Medicine

Ayse P Gurses, PhD

  • Assistant Professor, Department of Anesthesiology and Critical Care Medicine
  • The Johns Hopkins School of Medicine

Jacob T Gutsche, MD

  • Assistant Professor of Anesthesiology and Critical Care
  • University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine

Carin A Hagberg, MD

  • Section Editor — Airway Management
  • Joseph C Gabel Professor and Chair, Department of Anesthesiology
  • The University of Texas Medical School at Houston

Robert G Hahn, MD, PhD

  • Professor of Anesthesiology
  • The University of Linköping, Sweden
  • Associate Professor
  • Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm, Sweden

Robert R Hansebout, MD, FRCS(C), FACS

  • Professor Emeritus, Division of Neurosurgery
  • McMaster University, Hamilton, Canada

Philip Hartigan, MD

  • Assistant Professor of Anesthesia
  • Harvard Medical School

Julie Hauer, MD

  • Assistant Professor
  • Children's Hospital Boston

Michele Heath, LP, CCP

  • Perfusionist
  • Durham VA Medical Center

Laura B Hemmer, MD

  • Assistant Professor of Anesthesiology and Neurological Surgery
  • Northwestern University Feinberg School of Medicine

J Claude Hemphill, III, MD, MAS

  • Professor of Neurology
  • University of California, San Francisco

Nadia Blakemore Hensley, MD

  • Assistant Professor, Department of Anesthesiology and Critical Care Medicine
  • The Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine

Daren K Heyland, MD, FRCPC, MSc

  • Professor of Medicine
  • Queen's University, Ontario, Canada

Charles C Ho, MD

  • Staff Anesthesiologist
  • Beverly Anesthesia Associates

Robert S Hoffman, MD

  • Professor of Emergency Medicine
  • Director, Division of Medical Toxicology, Ronald O. Perelman Department of Emergency Medicine
  • New York University School of Medicine

Charles W Hogue, MD

  • James E. Eckenhoff Professor of Anesthesiology
  • Northwestern University Feinberg School of Medicine

Philipp Houck, MD

  • Assistant Professor of Anesthesiology
  • Columbia University Medical Center

Barys Ihnatsenka, MD

  • Assistant Professor of Anesthesiology
  • University of Florida

Zacharia Isaac, MD

  • Section Editor — Soft Tissue Rheumatic Disease
  • Assistant Professor in Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation
  • Harvard Medical School

Olav Istre, MD, PhD

  • Professor, Deptartment of Obstetrics and Gynecology
  • South Danish University
  • Odense, Denmark

Andy Jagoda, MD

  • Professor and Chair, Department of Emergency Medicine
  • Mount Sinai School of Medicine

Christina L Jeng, MD

  • Assistant Professor of Anesthesiology and Orthopaedics
  • Icahn School of Medicine at Mount Sinai

Barbara L Jones, PhD, MSW

  • Assistant Professor of Social Work
  • University of Texas at Austin

Edmund Jooste, MB, ChB

  • Associate Professor of Anesthesiology and Pediatrics
  • Duke Children's Hospital

Girish P Joshi, MB, BS, MD, FFARCSI

  • Section Editor — Fundamentals of Anesthesia
  • Professor of Anesthesiology and Pain Management, Director of Perioperative Medicine and Ambulatory Anesthesia
  • University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center at Dallas

Edward Kachur, MD, FRCS(C)

  • Assistant Professor, Division of Neurosurgery
  • McMaster University, Hamilton, Canada

Ronald Kaplan, MD

  • Attending Physician
  • Beth Israel Medical Center
  • Professor of Clinical Anesthesiology
  • Albert Einstein College of Medicine

Electron Kebebew, MD, FACS

  • Senior Investigator
  • Chief, Endocrine Oncology Branch
  • National Cancer Institute

Yair Y Keilson, MD

  • Adjunct Clinical Assistant Professor of Medicine
  • Touro College of Osteopathic Medicine

Mark A Kelley, MD, MACP

  • Visiting Scholar, Harvard Business School
  • Physician, Pulmonary-Critical Care Unit, Massachusetts General Hospital

Charles Kellner, MD

  • Professor of Psychiatry
  • Icahn School of Medicine at Mount Sinai

Nadia A Khan, MD, MSc

  • Professor of Medicine
  • University of British Columbia, Canada

Sajid A Khan, MD

  • Research Fellow
  • Arnold Pain Center, Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center

Sarah J Kilpatrick, MD, PhD

  • Chair, Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology
  • Cedars-Sinai Health Center

Yukiko Kimura, MD

  • Professor of Pediatrics
  • Rutgers University - New Jersey Medical School
  • Division Chief of Pediatric Rheumatology
  • Joseph M Sanzari Children's Hospital
  • Hackensack University Medical Center

Adam King, MD

  • Assistant Professor of Anesthesiology and Critical Care
  • Vanderbilt University Medical Center

Sinead Kinsella, MD, MBS, MRCPI

  • Department of Renal Medicine
  • Cork University Hospital

Eric J Knudtson, MD

  • Associate Professor, Maternal Fetal Medicine
  • University of Oklahoma

Bhavani-Shankar Kodali, MD

  • Associate Professor of Anesthesia
  • Harvard Medical School

Antoun Koht, MD

  • Professor of Anesthesiology, Neurological Surgery, and Neurology
  • Northwestern University Feinberg School of Medicine

Riki Kveraga, MD

  • Instructor in Anesthesiology
  • Harvard Medical School

Yan Lai, MD, MPH

  • Assistant Professor of Anesthesiology
  • Icahn School of Medicine at Mount Sinai Medical Center

Anita LaSala, MD

  • Assistant Professor of Obstetrics-Gynecology
  • Columbia University Medical Center

Javier Lasala, MD

  • Assistant Professor
  • The University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center

Lorri A Lee, MD

  • Professor of Anesthesiology and Neurological Surgery
  • Vanderbilt University Medical Center

Lisa Leffert, MD

  • Associate Professor of Anesthesia
  • Harvard Medical School

Eric Legome, MD

  • Professor of Clinical Emergency Medicine
  • SUNY Downstate School of Medicine
  • Chief of Emergency Medicine
  • Kings Count Hospital, Brooklyn

Hendrikus J M Lemmens, MD, PhD

  • Professor of Anesthesia
  • Stanford University School of Medicine

Joshua M Levine, MD

  • Associate Professor of Neurology
  • Perelman School of Medicine at the University of Pennsylvania

Linda Le-Wendling, MD

  • Associate Professor of Anesthesiology
  • Fellowship Director, Division of Acute and Perioperative Pain Medicine
  • University of Florida, College of Medicine

Gregory YH Lip, MD, FRCPE, FESC, FACC

  • Professor of Cardiovascular Medicine
  • The University of Birmingham, UK

Ronald S Litman, DO, FAAP

  • Professor of Anesthesiology and Pediatrics
  • University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine
  • Medical Director
  • Malignant Hyperthermia Association of the US

Martin Ma, MD

  • Lecturer
  • University of Toronto

Kelly Machovec, MD, MPH

  • Assistant Professor of Anesthesiology and Pediatrics
  • Duke University School of Medicine

Alvaro A Macias, MD

  • Instructor in Anesthesia
  • Massachusetts Eye and Ear Infirmary
  • Harvard Medical School

David S Macpherson, MD, MPH

  • Professor of Medicine
  • University of Pittsburgh

Feroze Mahmood, MD

  • Associate Professor of Anaesthesia
  • Harvard Medical School

Atul Malhotra, MD

  • Kenneth M Moser Professor, Department of Medicine
  • University of California, San Diego

Ellen F Manzullo, MD, FACP

  • Professor of Medicine
  • University of Texas
  • MD Anderson Cancer Center

Edward R Mariano, MD, MAS

  • Associate Professor of Anesthesiology, Perioperative and Pain Medicine
  • Stanford University School of Medicine

George A Mashour, MD, PhD

  • Bert N La Du Professor of Anesthesiology Research
  • Director, Center for Consciousness Science
  • University of Michigan Medical School

Letha Mathews, MBBS, FFARCS (I)

  • Associate Professor of Clinical Anesthesiology
  • Vanderbilt University Medical Center

Melissa Mattison, MD, SFHM

  • Assistant Professor of Medicine
  • Harvard Medical School

David K McCulloch, MD

  • Clinical Professor of Medicine
  • University of Washington

Michael L McGarvey, MD

  • Associate Professor of Neurology
  • University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine

Kathryn E McGoldrick, MD, FCAI(Hon)

  • Professor and Chair of Anesthesiology
  • New York Medical College

Stuart McGrane, MBChB

  • Assistant Professor of Anesthesiology
  • Vanderbilt University Medical Center

Anne Marie McKenzie-Brown, MD

  • Assistant Professor of Anesthesiology
  • Emory University

Zankhana Mehta, MD

  • Department of Palliative and Supportive Medicine
  • Geisinger Medical Center

Geno J Merli, MD, FACP, FHM

  • Professor of Medicine
  • Jefferson Medical College

Theo E Meyer, MD, PhD

  • Professor of Medicine
  • Chief, Clinical Cardiology
  • Director, Advanced Heart Failure Program
  • University of Massachusetts Medical School
  • UMassMemorial Medical Center

John D Mitchell, MD

  • Associate Professor of Anaesthesia
  • Harvard Medical School

Emile R Mohler III, MD

  • Section Editor — Vascular Medicine
  • Professor of Medicine
  • University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine

R Sean Morrison, MD

  • Section Editor — Selected End Stage Conditions
  • Hermann Merkin Professor of Palliative Care
  • Mount Sinai School of Medicine

Leah K Moynihan, RNC, MSN

  • Division of Urogynecology and Pelvic Floor Disorders
  • Women & Infants Hospital of Rhode Island

Visala Muluk, MD

  • Assistant Professor of Medicine
  • University of Pittsburgh

Vladimir Nekhendzy, MD

  • Clinical Associate Professor of Anesthesiology and Otolaryngology
  • Stanford University School of Medicine

Nancy J Newman, MD

  • Leo Delle Jolley Professor of Ophthalmology
  • Emory University

Jose C Nicolau, MD, PhD, FACC

  • Professor of Medicine
  • University of Sao Paulo Medical School

Errol R Norwitz, MD, PhD, MBA

  • Professor and Chair
  • Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology
  • Tufts Medical Center and Tufts University School of Medicine

E. Andrew Ochroch, MD, MSCE

  • Associate Professor of Anesthesiology, Critical Care, and Surgery
  • University of Pennsylvania

Liza C O'Dowd, MD

  • Adjunct Assistant Professor of Medicine
  • University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine

Christopher S Ogilvy, MD

  • Professor of Surgery
  • Harvard Medical School

Mark D Okusa, MD

  • Professor of Medicine
  • University of Virginia Health System

Hernando Olivar, MD

  • Clinical Associate Professor of Anesthesiology and Pain Medicine
  • University of Washington

Jamary Oliveira Filho, MD, MS, PhD

  • Associate Professor of Neuroanatomy
  • Federal University of Bahia
  • Director, Neurocritical Care Unit
  • Hospital Santa Izabel, Brazil

Eric Olson, MD

  • Associate Professor of Medicine
  • Mayo Clinic College of Medicine

Erik Ortega, MD

  • Assistant Professor
  • Barrow Neurological institute

Brian M Osman, MD

  • Assistant Professor of Anesthesiology
  • University of Miami Miller School of Medicine

Yinka Oyelese, MD

  • Perinatologist
  • Atlantic Health System
  • Morristown, NJ

Mehmet S Ozcan, MD, FCCP

  • Associate Professor of Anesthesiology
  • The University of Oklahoma Health Sciences Center

Sher-Lu Pai, MD

  • Assistant Professor of Anesthesiology
  • Mayo Clinic College of Medicine

Chanannait Paisansathan, MD

  • Associate Professor
  • University of Illinois at Chicago

Pratik Pandharipande, MD, MSCI

  • Professor of Anesthesiology and Surgery
  • Vanderbilt University School of Medicine

Leila M Pang, MD

  • Ngai-Jubilee Professor of Anesthesiology
  • College of Physicians and Surgeons of Columbia University

Joong Shin Park, MD, PhD

  • Professor, Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology
  • Seoul National University College of Medicine, Korea

Pratik V Patel, MD

  • Acting Assistant Professor, Department of Anesthesiology and Pain Management
  • University of Washington

John Pawlowski, MD, PhD

  • Assistant Professor of Anesthesia
  • Harvard Medical School

Nancy D Perrier, MD, FACS

  • Professor, Department of Surgical Oncology, Section of Surgical Endocrinology
  • The University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center

Nicholas Phan, MD, FRCSC, FACS

  • Assistant Professor, Division of Neurosurgery
  • Department of Surgery
  • University of Toronto

Russell K Portenoy, MD

  • Chief Medical Officer
  • MJHS Hospice and Palliative Care
  • Professor of Neurology and Family and Social Medicine
  • Albert Einstein College of Medicine

Peter J Pronovost, MD, PhD

  • Professor, Departments of Anesthesiology/Critical Care Medicine and Surgery
  • The Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine

Ron Purugganan, MD

  • Professor of Anesthesiology and Perioperative Medicine
  • Professor of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery
  • The University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center

Christine C Reardon, MD

  • Associate Professor of Medicine
  • Boston University School of Medicine

Adrian Regli, MD

  • Associate Professor
  • University of Western Australia School of Medicine and Pharmacology
  • Associate Professor
  • University of Notre Dame, Fremantle

Britta Regli-von Ungern-Sternberg, MD, PhD

  • Professor and Chair of Paediatric Anaesthesia
  • School of Medicine and Pharmacology, The University of Western Australia

John T Repke, MD

  • ACOG Peer Reviewer
  • Professor and Chairman, Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology
  • Penn State College of Medicine
  • Milton S. Hershey Medical Center

Amy C Robertson, MD

  • Assistant Professor of Anesthesiology
  • Vanderbilt University School of Medicine

Henry Roque, MD, MS

  • Instructor
  • Harvard School of Medicine

Guy Rordorf, MD

  • Associate Professor of Neurology
  • Harvard Medical School

Meg A Rosenblatt, MD

  • Professor of Anesthesiology and Orthopaedics
  • Icahn School of Medicine at Mount Sinai

William H Rosenblatt, MD

  • Professor of Anesthesiology and of Surgery (Otolaryngology)
  • Director, Anesthesia for Otolaryngology
  • Yale School of Medicine

Ellen WK Rosenquist, MD

  • Section Editor — Acute and Chronic Pain
  • Assistant Professor of Anesthesiology
  • Department of Pain Management
  • Cleveland Clinic Foundation

Richard Rosenquist, MD

  • Chairman, Pain Management Department
  • Anesthesiology Institute
  • Cleveland Clinic

Mitchell H Rosner, MD

  • Professor of Medicine
  • University of Virginia Health System

Douglas S Ross, MD

  • Section Editor — Thyroid Disease
  • Professor of Medicine
  • Harvard Medical School

Marc A Rozner, PhD, MD

  • Professor of Anesthesiology and Perioperative Medicine
  • Professor of Cardiology
  • University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center

Michael R Rudnick, MD

  • Associate Professor of Medicine
  • University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine

Senthilkumar Sadhasivam, MD, MPH

  • Professor of Anesthesia
  • Cincinnati Children's Hospital Medical Center

Neil S Sanghani, MD

  • Assistant Professor of Medicine
  • Vanderbilt University Medical Center

Richard H Savel, MD, FCCM

  • Professor of Clinical Medicine
  • Albert Einstein College of Medicine

Michael Schatz, MD, MS

  • Clinical Professor, Department of Medicine
  • University of California San Diego School of Medicine

Peter M Schulman, MD

  • Associate Professor of Anesthesiology and Perioperative Medicine
  • Oregon Health & Science University

Roman Schumann, MD

  • Associate Professor of Anesthesiology
  • Tufts University School of Medicine

David R Schwartz, MD

  • Associate Professor of Clinical Medicine
  • Section Chief, Critical Care
  • NYU Medical Center

Edwin Seet, MBBS, MMed

  • Clinical Senior Lecturer
  • Yong Loo Lin School of Medicine, National University of Singapore

Fred E Shapiro, DO

  • Assistant Professor of Anaesthesia
  • Harvard Medical School

Sam R Sharar, MD

  • Professor, Department of Anesthesiology
  • University of Washington

Deepak Sharma, MBBS, MD, DM

  • Virginia & Prentice Bloedel Professor of Anesthesiology and Pain Medicine
  • Professor of Neurological Surgery
  • University of Washington

Howard T Sharp, MD

  • Section Editor — Gynecologic Surgery
  • Professor and Vice Chair for Clinical Activities
  • Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology
  • University of Utah Health Sciences Center

Paul Shekelle, MD

  • Professor of Medicine
  • UCLA Medical School

David D Sherry, MD

  • Professor of Pediatrics
  • University of Pennsylvania

Francis D Sheski, MD

  • Associate Professor of Clinical Medicine
  • Indiana University School of Medicine

Baha M Sibai, MD

  • Professor, Maternal-Fetal Medicine Division
  • Department of Obstetrics, Gynecology and Reproductive Sciences
  • The University of Texas Medical School at Houston

Angelica Silva Figueroa, MD

  • Postdoctoral Fellow
  • Surgical Oncology
  • MD Anderson Cancer Center

Jonathan M Silver, MD

  • Section Editor — Mental and Medical Disorders
  • Clinical Professor of Psychiatry
  • New York University School of Medicine

Arthur J Silvergleid, MD

  • Section Editor — Transfusion Medicine
  • Affiliate Associate Professor, Department of Pathology and Cell Biology
  • University of South Florida, College of Medicine
  • Medical Director, OneBlood, Inc.

Robert J Singer, MD

  • Associate Professor of Neurosurgery
  • Neurovascular Therapeutics
  • Geisel School of Medicine at Dartmouth

Albert L Siu, MD, MSPH

  • Professor
  • Department of Geriatrics and Pallative Medicine
  • Mount Sinai School of Medicine

Peter D Slinger, MD, FRCPC

  • Section Editor — Thoracic/Vascular Anesthesia
  • Professor of Anesthesia
  • Toronto General Hospital

Tod B Sloan, MD, MBA, PhD

  • Professor Emeritus
  • University of Colorado School of Medicine

Gerald W Smetana, MD

  • Professor of Medicine
  • Harvard Medical School

Edward R Smith, MD

  • Department of Neurosurgery
  • Children's Hospital Boston
  • Harvard Medical School

Denis Snegovskikh, MD

  • Assistant Professor
  • Department of Anesthesiology
  • Yale University School of Medicine

Ramesh Soundararajan, MD, FACP

  • Clinical Assistant Professor of Internal Medicine
  • Midwestern University College of Medicine

Irene P Stafford, MD

  • Assistant Professor
  • Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology
  • Louisiana State University Health Science Center

Renee D Stapleton, MD, PhD

  • Associate Professor of Medicine
  • University of Vermont College of Medicine

Joanna L Starrels, MD, MS

  • Associate Professor of Medicine
  • Albert Einstein College of Medicine & Montefiore Medical Center

Mark M Stecker, MD, PhD

  • Chairman of Neuroscience
  • Winthrop University Hospital

E Alessandra Strada, PhD, MSCP, FT

  • Director of Integrative Medicine and Bereavement Services
  • MJHS Institute for Innovation in Palliative Care, MJHS Hospice and Palliative Care, New York City
  • Adjunct Associate Professor of East-West Psychology
  • California Institute of Integral Studies, San Francisco
  • Adjunct Faculty, Postdoctoral Ps

Eric Strain, MD

  • Director, Johns Hopkins Center for Substance Abuse Treatment and Research
  • Medical Director, Behavioral Pharmacology Research Unit
  • Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine

Jonathan R Strosberg, MD

  • Associate Professor
  • Department of Gastrointestinal Oncology
  • H. Lee Moffitt Cancer Center

Nijasri Charnnarong Suwanwela, MD

  • Professor of Neurology
  • Chulalongkorn University Medical School

Madhura Tamhankar, MD

  • Assistant Professor of Ophthalmology
  • University of Pennsylvania

Robert C Tasker, MBBS, MD

  • Professor of Neurology and Anaesthesia (Pediatrics)
  • Harvard Medical School

Kevin Thornton, MD

  • Assistant Clinical Professor of Anesthesia
  • University of California San Francisco School of Medicine

Karen J Tietze, PharmD

  • Professor of Clinical Pharmacy
  • Philadelphia College of Pharmacy
  • University of the Sciences in Philadelphia

Roulhac d'Arby Toledano, MD, PhD

  • Director, Obstetric Anesthesia NYU Lutheran
  • Assistant Clinical Professor, SUNY Downstate Medical Center

Kelly Ural, MD

  • Staff Anesthesiologist
  • Ochsner Health System

Prashant Vaishnava, MD

  • Professor of Medicine
  • Mount Sinai Hospital and Icahn School of Medicine at Mount Sinai

Dirk J Varelmann, MD

  • Instructor of Anesthesia
  • Harvard Medical School

Lashmi Venkatraghavan, MD

  • Assistant Professor, Department of Anesthesia
  • University of Toronto

Howard Vernon, DC, FCCS (Hons), PhD

  • Professor
  • Canadian Memorial Chiropractic College

Elliott P Vichinsky, MD

  • Adjunct Professor
  • University of California San Francisco

Nicholas J Volpe, MD

  • Tarry Professor and Chairman
  • Department of Ophthalmology
  • Northwestern Feinberg School of Medicine

Marc Wakasa, MD

  • Clinical Instructor
  • Stanford University School of Medicine

Carol A Waksmonski, MD

  • Professor of Medicine
  • Columbia University Medical Center

Gary A Walco, PhD

  • Professor of Anesthesiology and Pain Medicine; Adjunct Professor of Pediatrics and Psychiatry
  • University of Washington School of Medicine

Grace J Wang, MD

  • Assistant Professor of Surgery
  • Hospital of the University of Pennsylvania

Liza M Weavind, MBBCh, FCCM, MMHC

  • Professor of Anesthesiology and Surgery
  • Vanderbilt University Medical Center

Steven E Weinberger, MD

  • Adjunct Professor of Medicine
  • University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine
  • Executive Vice President and CEO
  • American College of Physicians

Debra K Weiner, MD

  • Professor of Medicine, Psychiatry, Anesthesiology, and Clinical & Translational Science
  • University of Pittsburgh
  • Geriatric Research, Education & Clinical Center
  • VA Pittsburgh Healthcare System

Gerald L Weinhouse, MD

  • Assistant Professor of Medicine
  • Harvard Medical School

Christopher Whinney, MD

  • Clinical Assistant Professor of Medicine
  • Cleveland Clinic Lerner College of Medicine

Shelley Wiechman, PhD

  • Associate Professor, Department of Rehabilitation Medicine
  • University of Washington

Stephan Windecker, MD

  • Section Editor — Coronary Heart Disease
  • Professor of Medicine
  • Department of Cardiology
  • Bern University Hospital

Bradford D Winters, MD, PhD

  • Associate Professor of Anesthesiology & Critical Care Medicine, Neurology and Surgery
  • The Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine

Cynthia A Wong, MD

  • Professor of Anesthesia
  • University of Iowa Healthcare

Y Joseph Woo, MD

  • Department Chair, Cardiothoracic Surgery
  • Stanford University

Edward Yap, MD

  • HS Assistant Professor
  • Department of Anesthesia and Perioperative Care, UCSF School of Medicine

G Bryan Young, MD, FRCPC

  • Professor of Neurology
  • University of Western Ontario, Canada

William F Young, Jr, MD, MSc

  • Professor of Medicine
  • Mayo Clinic College of Medicine

Carolyn M Zelop, MD

  • Clinical Professor of Ob/Gyn
  • New York University School of Medicine

Peer Reviewers


 

Sheila Barnett, MD

  • Associate Professor of Anesthesia
  • Harvard Medical School

Mark Dershwitz, MD, PhD

  • Professor and Vice Chair of Anesthesiology
  • Professor of Biochemistry & Molecular Pharmacology
  • University of Massachusetts

David L Hepner, MD

  • Section Editor — Obstetric Anesthesia
  • Associate Professor of Anaesthesia
  • Harvard Medical School

Stephanie B Jones, MD

  • Editor-in-Chief — Anesthesiology
  • Section Editor — Anesthesia with Comorbid Non-Cardiopulmonary Conditions
  • Associate Professor of Anesthesia
  • Harvard Medical School

John Pawlowski, MD, PhD

  • Assistant Professor of Anesthesia
  • Harvard Medical School

Robert A. Peterfreund, MD, PhD

  • Associate Professor of Anesthesia
  • Harvard Medical School and Massachusetts General Hospital

Thomas E Saak, MD

  • Medical Director
  • Premier Dental Anesthesiology
  • Medical Director
  • WAAI Mobile Anesthesiology

Thomas Simopoulos, MD, MA

  • Assistant Professor of Anesthesiology, Critical Care, and Pain Medicine
  • Harvard Medical School